Custom “confirm” dialog in JavaScript?

I've been working on an ASP.net project that uses custom 'modal dialogs'. I use scare quotes here because I understand that the 'modal dialog' is simply a div in my html document that is set to appear "on top" of the rest of the document and is not a modal dialog in the true sense of the word.

In many parts of the web site, I have code that looks like this:

var warning = 'Are you sure you want to do this?';
if (confirm(warning)) {
    // Do something
}
else {
    // Do something else
}

This is okay, but it would be nice to make the confirm dialog match the style of the rest of the page.

However, since it is not a true modal dialog, I think that I need to write something like this: (I use jQuery-UI in this example)

<div id='modal_dialog'>
    <div class='title'>
    </div>
    <input type='button' value='yes' id='btnYes' />
    <input type='button' value='no' id='btnNo' />
</div>

<script>
function DoSomethingDangerous() {
    var warning = 'Are you sure you want to do this?';
    $('.title').html(warning);
    var dialog = $('#modal_dialog').dialog();
    function Yes() {
        dialog.dialog('close');
        // Do something
    }   
    function No() {
        dialog.dialog('close');
        // Do something else
    }    
    $('#btnYes').click(Yes);
    $('#btnNo').click(No);
}

Is this a good way to accomplish what I want, or is there a better way?

Answers:

Answer

You might want to consider abstracting it out into a function like this:

function dialog(message, yesCallback, noCallback) {
    $('.title').html(message);
    var dialog = $('#modal_dialog').dialog();

    $('#btnYes').click(function() {
        dialog.dialog('close');
        yesCallback();
    });
    $('#btnNo').click(function() {
        dialog.dialog('close');
        noCallback();
    });
}

You can then use it like this:

dialog('Are you sure you want to do this?',
    function() {
        // Do something
    },
    function() {
        // Do something else
    }
);
Answer

SweetAlert

You should take a look at SweetAlert as an option to save some work. It's beautiful from the default state and is highly customizable.

Confirm Example

sweetAlert(
  {
    title: "Are you sure?",
    text: "You will not be able to recover this imaginary file!",
    type: "warning",   
    showCancelButton: true,   
    confirmButtonColor: "#DD6B55",
    confirmButtonText: "Yes, delete it!"
  }, 
  deleteIt()
);

Sample Alert

Answer

I would use the example given on jQuery UI's site as a template:

$( "#modal_dialog" ).dialog({
    resizable: false,
    height:140,
    modal: true,
    buttons: {
                "Yes": function() {
                    $( this ).dialog( "close" );
                 },
                 "No": function() {
                    $( this ).dialog( "close" );
                 }
             }
});
Answer

One other way would be using colorbox

function createConfirm(message, okHandler) {
    var confirm = '<p id="confirmMessage">'+message+'</p><div class="clearfix dropbig">'+
            '<input type="button" id="confirmYes" class="alignleft ui-button ui-widget ui-state-default" value="Yes" />' +
            '<input type="button" id="confirmNo" class="ui-button ui-widget ui-state-default" value="No" /></div>';

    $.fn.colorbox({html:confirm, 
        onComplete: function(){
            $("#confirmYes").click(function(){
                okHandler();
                $.fn.colorbox.close();
            });
            $("#confirmNo").click(function(){
                $.fn.colorbox.close();
            });
    }});
}
Answer

var confirmBox = '<div class="modal fade confirm-modal">' +
    '<div class="modal-dialog modal-sm" role="document">' +
    '<div class="modal-content">' +
    '<button type="button" class="close m-4 c-pointer" data-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close">' +
    '<span aria-hidden="true">&times;</span>' +
    '</button>' +
    '<div class="modal-body pb-5"></div>' +
    '<div class="modal-footer pt-3 pb-3">' +
    '<a href="#" class="btn btn-primary yesBtn btn-sm">OK</a>' +
    '<button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary abortBtn btn-sm" data-dismiss="modal">Abbrechen</button>' +
    '</div>' +
    '</div>' +
    '</div>' +
    '</div>';

var dialog = function(el, text, trueCallback, abortCallback) {

    el.click(function(e) {

        var thisConfirm = $(confirmBox).clone();

        thisConfirm.find('.modal-body').text(text);

        e.preventDefault();
        $('body').append(thisConfirm);
        $(thisConfirm).modal('show');

        if (abortCallback) {
            $(thisConfirm).find('.abortBtn').click(function(e) {
                e.preventDefault();
                abortCallback();
                $(thisConfirm).modal('hide');
            });
        }

        if (trueCallback) {
            $(thisConfirm).find('.yesBtn').click(function(e) {
                e.preventDefault();
                trueCallback();
                $(thisConfirm).modal('hide');
            });
        } else {

            if (el.prop('nodeName') == 'A') {
                $(thisConfirm).find('.yesBtn').attr('href', el.attr('href'));
            }

            if (el.attr('type') == 'submit') {
                $(thisConfirm).find('.yesBtn').click(function(e) {
                    e.preventDefault();
                    el.off().click();
                });
            }
        }

        $(thisConfirm).on('hidden.bs.modal', function(e) {
            $(this).remove();
        });

    });
}

// custom confirm
$(function() {
    $('[data-confirm]').each(function() {
        dialog($(this), $(this).attr('data-confirm'));
    });

    dialog($('#customCallback'), "dialog with custom callback", function() {

        alert("hi there");

    });

});
.test {
  display:block;
  padding: 5p 10px;
  background:orange;
  color:white;
  border-radius:4px;
  margin:0;
  border:0;
  width:150px;
  text-align:center;
}
<script src="https://ajax.googleapis.com/ajax/libs/jquery/2.1.1/jquery.min.js"></script>
<script src="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/js/bootstrap.min.js"></script>
<link href="https://maxcdn.bootstrapcdn.com/bootstrap/3.3.7/css/bootstrap.min.css" rel="stylesheet"/>


example 1
<a class="test" href="http://example" data-confirm="do you want really leave the website?">leave website</a><br><br>


example 2
<form action="">
<button class="test" type="submit" data-confirm="send form to delete some files?">delete some files</button>
</form><br><br>

example 3
<span class="test"  id="customCallback">with callback</span>

Answer

To enable you to use the confirm box like the normal confirm dialog, I would use Promises which will enable you to await on the result of the outcome and then act on this, rather than having to use callbacks.

This will allow you to follow the same pattern you have in other parts of your code with code such as...

  const confirm = await ui.confirm('Are you sure you want to do this?');

  if(confirm){
    alert('yes clicked');
  } else{
    alert('no clicked');
  }

See codepen for example, or run the snippet below.

https://codepen.io/larnott/pen/rNNQoNp

enter image description here

const ui = {
  confirm: async (message) => createConfirm(message)
}

const createConfirm = (message) => {
  return new Promise((complete, failed)=>{
    $('#confirmMessage').text(message)

    $('#confirmYes').off('click');
    $('#confirmNo').off('click');
    
    $('#confirmYes').on('click', ()=> { $('.confirm').hide(); complete(true); });
    $('#confirmNo').on('click', ()=> { $('.confirm').hide(); complete(false); });
    
    $('.confirm').show();
  });
}
                     
const saveForm = async () => {
  const confirm = await ui.confirm('Are you sure you want to do this?');
  
  if(confirm){
    alert('yes clicked');
  } else{
    alert('no clicked');
  }
}
body {
  margin: 0px;
  font-family: "Arial";
}

.example {
  padding: 20px;
}

input[type=button] {
  padding: 5px 10px;
  margin: 10px 5px;
  border-radius: 5px;
  cursor: pointer;
  background: #ddd;
  border: 1px solid #ccc;
}
input[type=button]:hover {
  background: #ccc;
}

.confirm {
  display: none;
}
.confirm > div:first-of-type {
  position: fixed;
  width: 100%;
  height: 100%;
  background: rgba(0, 0, 0, 0.5);
  top: 0px;
  left: 0px;
}
.confirm > div:last-of-type {
  padding: 10px 20px;
  background: white;
  position: absolute;
  width: auto;
  height: auto;
  left: 50%;
  top: 50%;
  transform: translate(-50%, -50%);
  border-radius: 5px;
  border: 1px solid #333;
}
.confirm > div:last-of-type div:first-of-type {
  min-width: 150px;
  padding: 10px;
}
.confirm > div:last-of-type div:last-of-type {
  text-align: right;
}
<script src="https://cdnjs.cloudflare.com/ajax/libs/jquery/3.3.1/jquery.min.js"></script>

<div class="example">
  <input type="button" onclick="saveForm()" value="Save" />
</div>

<!-- Hidden confirm markup somewhere at the bottom of page -->

<div class="confirm">
  <div></div>
  <div>
    <div id="confirmMessage"></div>
    <div>
      <input id="confirmYes" type="button" value="Yes" />
      <input id="confirmNo" type="button" value="No" />
    </div>
  </div>
</div>

Answer

Faced with the same problem, I was able to solve it using only vanilla JS, but in an ugly way. To be more accurate, in a non-procedural way. I removed all my function parameters and return values and replaced them with global variables, and now the functions only serve as containers for lines of code - they're no longer logical units.

In my case, I also had the added complication of needing many confirmations (as a parser works through a text). My solution was to put everything up to the first confirmation in a JS function that ends by painting my custom popup on the screen, and then terminating.

Then the buttons in my popup call another function that uses the answer and then continues working (parsing) as usual up to the next confirmation, when it again paints the screen and then terminates. This second function is called as often as needed.

Both functions also recognize when the work is done - they do a little cleanup and then finish for good. The result is that I have complete control of the popups; the price I paid is in elegance.

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